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Zhang Yunyu: The Development Of Peanut Industry In Henan Province Should Be Scientifically Laid
Dec 19, 2017

With the aid of peanut as the more economical field crop, Henan peanut production areas to achieve rural economic development and farmers to increase the "double harvest", but compared with the United States and other developed countries and some areas of the country, the development of peanut industrialization still need to move forward with heart.

"This year, Henan Provincial party Committee of the 1th document clearly proposed to vigorously develop high-quality peanuts, focusing on the development of high oil and sour oil, edible peanut varieties, planting area expanded to 20 million acres." The pressure is quite large when you see this target. But now according to the partial county peanut planting Remote Sensing monitoring results, the total area is expected to reach 22 million acres, and last year is 16.92 million acres. "A few days ago, in the Henan province, Zhengyang County, Henan Province, the Peanut Industry Development Forum and the high quality peanut new varieties on-site observation and exhibition, Chinese Academy of Engineering, Henan Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences Dean Zhang Yunyu researcher said.

In recent years, with the aid of peanut, the high economic efficiency of field crops, Henan peanut production areas to achieve rural economic development and farmers to increase the "double harvest", but with the United States and other developed countries and some regions in China, the development of peanut industrialization still need to move forward with heart.

016 years, governor of Henan Province, Chen in Zhumadian, put forward the "four excellent four" of the structural reform of agricultural supply side in Henan, among which the key development of high-quality Peanuts is one of the four excellent.

Around this goal, Henan Peanut Industry Technology Innovation Strategic Alliance has carried out the key work, especially in high oil, high oleic acid peanut breed, demonstration, promotion and processing of the whole industry chain production breakthrough.

High oleic acid peanut refers to the peanut varieties with oleic acid content exceeding 75% or oleic acid and linoleic acid ratio not less than 10. High oleic acid peanut and its products have strong storage resistance, so their shelf life is twice times that of ordinary peanuts. At the same time, high oleic acid peanut fatty acid composition close to olive oil, but also has the olive oil does not have the special flavor, the cost is far below the olive oil.

Zhang Yunyu said oleic acid selectively lowers the body's low-density lipoprotein (LDL), while maintaining high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and therefore, often eating high oleic acid peanut products can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. In addition, high oleic acid peanut varieties significantly reduce the content of palmitic acid, such as the saturated fatty acids, the production of peanut oil is healthier.

At present, the United States as the world's first to carry out peanut high oleic acid breeding countries, high oleic acid peanut area accounted for about 24% of the total peanut area. Argentina is the world's leading exporter of peanuts, and the variety of high oleic acids has exceeded half of the country's peanut footprint. High-oleic acid peanuts have been widely promoted in Australia. The industrialization of high oleic acid peanut in China is rapid, and it is a substitute for ordinary peanut.